Google Cloud Interview Questions
Google Cloud Interview Questions
1) What is Google Cloud Platform, and how does it work?
Google Cloud Platform is a Google-managed cloud-based platform. Virtual machines, computing, networking, storage, big data, database and management services, machine learning, and much more are all included in one package. All of these services are powered by the same Google infrastructure that powers Google's consumer products like Google Search, Gmail, and YouTube.
2) Make a list of the advantages of adopting Google's cloud platform.
Because of the advantages it offers over competing cloud platforms, Google Cloud Platform is growing in popularity among cloud experts and users:
GCP offers cost-effective pricing.
Information may be accessed from anywhere thanks to Google Cloud servers.
GCP provides greater performance and services than most other cloud hosting options.
Google Cloud satisfies.
3)Make a list of the most important aspects of cloud services.
The Cloud Service and Cloud Computing as a whole provide a wide range of benefits, notably the simplicity with which commercial software may be accessed and managed from anywhere in the globe.
All software administration may be easily centralized into a single online service.
Designing and creating online apps that can simultaneously serve many clients from across the world.
Streamlining and automating the software upgrading process to eliminate software upgrade downloads.
4) What are the various levels that makeup cloud architecture?
The cloud architecture has several levels, including:
Network, physical servers, and other features are included in the Physical Layer.
Infrastructure layer: This layer includes virtualized storage levels, among other things.
Application, operating system, and other features are covered by the platform layer.
It is the layer of the application.
5) What libraries and tools are available on Google Cloud Platform for cloud storage?
On the Google Cloud Platform, JSON and XML APIs are essential for cloud storage. Google also provides the following tools for interfacing with cloud storage.
To perform basic actions on buckets and objects, use the Google Cloud Platform Console.
Cloud Storage Client Libraries is a set of libraries that allows you to program in several languages.
Gustin Command-line Tool includes a CLI for cloud storage support.
There are additional third-party utilities available, such as the Boto Library.
6) What is a Google Cloud API, and how does it work? How would we be able to get our hands on it?
Google Cloud APIs are programmatic interfaces that allow users to add power to anything from storage to machine-learning-based image analytics to Google Search.
Applications that are hosted in the cloud.
Client libraries and server programs may easily use cloud APIs. The Google Cloud API is accessible through several programming languages. Firebase SDKs or third-party clients can be utilized to create mobile applications. The Google SDK command-line tools or the Google Cloud Platform Console Web UI can be used to access Google Cloud APIs.
7) What is Google Cloud SDK, and how does it work?
The Google Cloud SDK is a set of command-line utilities. This is for the development of Google's cloud. With these tools, we can use the command line to access big queries, cloud storage, compute Engines, and other services. Client libraries and API libraries are included as well. These tools and frameworks let us interact with Virtual Machine instances, as well as manage computer engine networks, storage, and firewalls.
8) Describe the concept of service accounts.
Accounts that are dedicated to a project are known as service accounts. Compute Engine will employ service accounts to do operations on the user's behalf, giving the user access to non-sensitive data and information. These accounts are in charge of the authorization system.
Making it easy for users to authenticate Google Cloud Engine with other services. It's important to understand that service accounts can't access user information. While Google provides several service accounts, consumers prefer the following two types of service accounts:
Accounts for GCE services
Google Cloud Platform is a cloud computing platform developed by Google. Accounts for console services
9) What is a Virtual Private Cloud (VPC)?
The term VPC stands for Virtual Private Cloud. This is a virtual network that connects Google Kubernetes Engine clusters, compute Engine VM instances and a variety of other resources. The VPC provides a lot of control over how workloads connect globally or regionally. A single VPC may serve several regions without having to communicate over the Internet.
10) What is Google App Engine, and how does it work?
Google App Engine is a Platform as a Service offering that provides scalable services to web application developers and companies. The developers may use this to create and deploy a fully managed platform, as well as scale it as needed. PHP, Java, Go, C#, Python,.Net, and Node.js are among the prominent programming languages supported. It also offers versatility.
11) What is load balancing and how does it work?
Load balancing is a mechanism for managing requests that distributes computing resources and workloads within a cloud-based computing environment. Because the workload is properly controlled through resource allocation, it gives a high return on investment at lower costs. It makes use of the concepts of agility and scalability to increase the available resources as needed. It also functions as a health check for the cloud app. This capability is accessible from all major cloud providers, including Google Cloud Platform, Amazon Web Services, and Microsoft Azure.
12) What is the difference between a Google Cloud Storage bucket and a Google Cloud Storage account?
Buckets are the fundamental storage units for data. We can arrange the data and grant control access using buckets. The bucket has a one-of-a-kind name around the world. The location where the content is stored is referred to as a geographic location. There is a default storage class that is applied to objects that do not have a storage class specified and are added to the bucket. It is possible to create or delete an unlimited number of buckets.
13) What does the term "BigQuery" imply?
Google Cloud Platform offers BigQuery, a warehouse service. With an integrated machine learning and in-memory data analysis engine, it is a cost-effective and highly scalable offering. It allows us to analyze data in real-time and generate analytical reports utilizing a data analysis engine. External data sources like object storage, transactional databases, and spreadsheets are handled by BigQuery.
14) What is Object Versioning, and how does it work?
Object versioning is a technique for recovering items that have been overwritten or erased. Versioning objects raises storage costs, but it protects object security when they are replaced or erased. When object versioning is enabled in the GCP bucket, anytime an object is removed or overwritten, a non-common version of the object is created. Identifying characteristics Generation and meta generation are two types of object versions. The term "generation" refers to the creation of content, whereas "meta generation" refers to the creation of metadata.
15) What is Google Cloud Messaging, and how does it work?
Google Cloud Messaging, commonly known as Firebase, is a free cross-platform notification service that allows us to send and receive messages and notifications. We can send messages or notify customer applications or send messages to encourage user re-engagement using this solution. It gives us the capacity to send multi-purpose messages to individual devices, subscribing devices, or a group of devices.
16) What is serverless computing, and how does it work?
The cloud service provider will have a server in the cloud that runs and manages the resource allocation dynamically in Serverless computing. The provider provides the necessary infrastructure so that the user can focus on their work without having to worry about their hardware. Users are required to pay for the resources they consume. It will streamline the code distribution process while removing all maintenance and scalability concerns for users. Utility computing is a term used to describe this type of computing.
17) What types of cloud computing development models are available?
There are four different cloud computing development models to choose from:
Public Cloud: Anyone with a subscription can use this type of cloud. The public has access to resources such as the operating system, RAM, CPU, and storage.
A private cloud is a type of infrastructure that can only be accessed by a company and not by the general public. When compared to public clouds, these are frequently more expensive to develop.
Hybrid Cloud: This infrastructure makes use of both public and private clouds. It is used by many organizations to quickly expand their resources when they are needed.
Community Cloud: In this concept, numerous organizations pool their resources and create a pool that is only accessible to members of the community.
18) What are the cloud's security concerns?
Here are a few of the most critical features of cloud security.
Access control: It enables users to restrict other users' access to the cloud ecosystem.
Identity management: It allows application services to be authorized.
Authorization and authentication: It restricts access to apps and data to only those who are authorized and authenticated.
19) How is on-demand functionality provided by cloud computing?
Cloud computing as technology was created to provide on-demand features to all of its users at any time and from any location. It has achieved this goal because of recent advancements and the ease of application availability, such as Google Cloud. The files will be seen by any Google Cloud user. If you're connected to the Internet, you may access your data in the cloud at any time, on any device, from anywhere.
20) What are the benefits of using APIs in the cloud?
The API has the following important advantages over the cloud domain:
You don't need to write the full program.
It's simple to transfer data from one app to another.
Creating apps and connecting them to cloud services is simple.
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