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1.Support for Language and Framework
The first question that comes to mind when selecting a tool is, "Does my tool support the language that I am familiar with?"
You can write your scripts in any of these programming languages, and Selenium will automatically convert them to Selenium compatible code. As a result, understanding only Selenium languages is not required. In addition, every Selenium supported language includes dedicated frameworks that aid in the creation of Selenium test scripts. So, if you choose Selenium as an automation testing tool, you won't have to worry about language issues.
2. Availability of Open Source
The fact that Selenium is open source is only one of the numerous benefits it offers. Selenium is a publicly available automation framework that is free with no upfront expenses because it is an open source application. As a result, you can save money and use it towards other good causes.
The Selenium community is always willing to assist developers and software engineers with automating web browser capabilities and functions. Because Selenium is open source, you can modify the code for better code management and to improve the functionality of predefined methods and classes. Because it's so simple to create test scripts to evaluate functionality, Selenium has become the most trusted web automation tool.
3. Support for multiple browsers
Every day, the Selenium community has been working on and improving "one Selenium script for all browsers." According to StatCounter, the most popular browsers in the world are Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Internet Explorer, Opera, and Edge, and the Selenium script is compatible with all of them. You don't need to rewrite scripts for each browser; instead, you may use a single script for all of them.
4. Compatibility with a variety of operating systems
Different operating systems are used by different people, thus your automation tool must handle all of them. Selenium is a very portable programme that works on a variety of operating systems, including Windows, Linux, Mac OS, UNIX, and others.
Selenium test suites can be created and executed on any platform, such as Windows. a similar test suite on a different platform, such as Mac or Linux This makes it simple for developers and software testers to design test automation scripts without having to worry about the platform they'll be running on.
5. Implementation Ease
The Selenium automation framework is a user-friendly tool. Selenium has a user-friendly interface that makes it simple to build and execute test scripts. You can also keep an eye on the tests as they run. You can review detailed Selenium test reports and take action based on them.
6. Integrations and reusability
Selenium automation test suites, as previously said, are reusable and may be run on a variety of browsers and operating systems. The catch is that Selenium isn't a one-size-fits-all web automation testing solution. As a result, third-party frameworks and add-ons are required to expand the testing scope.
Last but not least, you will never feel alone. In the event that you require assistance, the Selenium community is always ready to assist you. You are free to ask questions and perform.
For example, to manage test cases and generate reports, Selenium must be integrated with TestNG and JUnit. You'll need to combine it with CI/CD systems like Jenkins, Maven, and Docker to achieve continuous testing. You'll also need to link Selenium with tools like Sikuli for image-based testing, and cloud-grid technologies like LambdaTest for cross-browser testing. Almost all management tools can be integrated with Selenium.
The importance of test management in the testing lifecycle cannot be overstated. Selenium capabilities such as test case regrouping and refactoring make it easier and more efficient. This aids developers and testers in making quick code changes, eliminating duplication, decreasing complexity, and increasing maintainability. Selenium is more flexible and usable as a result of these features.
8. Test Execution in Parallel and a Quicker Time to Market
Automated testing's main goal is to save time and effort. We may run numerous tests in parallel using Selenium Grid, which cuts down on test execution time. With the support of cloud-grids for cross-browser testing, you can use Selenium to test across hundreds of browsers in parallel, saving you hundreds of hours of time.
9. Use of Hardware is Reduced
When comparing Selenium to other vendor-specific automation tools like QTP, UFT, and SilkTest, you'll notice that Selenium uses less hardware than the others.
10. Simple to Understand and Apply
Selenium scripts aren't the same as building a hundred-page algorithm. Writing Selenium scripts is as simple as writing a few lines of code to automate website functionality. In addition, the Selenium website's documentation is quite beneficial for developers and testers who are just getting started with Selenium automation testing. Selenium tutorials, testing, and development help are all just a Google search away, thanks to the rapidly developing community.
You may also utilise the Selenium IDE extension on the Firefox browser to record and play Selenium scripts for future reference.
11. Regular Updates
Because Selenium is maintained by a community, and we all know how active communities don't like to sit still, the Selenium community is continually delivering updates. The nice aspect about having a community is that these changes are easily available and simple to comprehend, so no special training is required. Selenium is therefore more resourceful and cost-effective than other tools.
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