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Python V/S Java | Difference Between Both Programming Languages

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Difference Between Python and Java Programming Language!

Python is a high-level, interpreted programming language. It was invented back in 1991, by Guido Van Rossum. Python is an object-oriented programming language that has large enormous library support making the implementation of various programs and algorithms easy. Its language constructs and object-oriented approach aim to help programmers to write clear, logical code for various projects.

Python supports both the front-end and back-end. Though Python is not much suitable for the front end, its frameworks like Django are actively employed for both front-end and back-end development for many projects. As large organizations like Google, Instagram, YouTube.

Java is a high-level, object-oriented programming language that was originally developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems in 1995. Java has a syntax similar to C and C++ but with low-level difficulties. Java is platform-independent (WORA – Write Once Run Anywhere) meaning compiled java code can run on different platforms without recompilation.

Java-centric environment from Sun microsystem for developing, building, and deploying Web-based enterprise applications online. As java is a general-purpose programming language it is very easy to understand and its feature of multithreading makes it more attractive to large multinational companies across the globe to move towards java.

Differences:

Parameter Python Java
Code Python has Short lines of code in there Projects or Programming. Java has More lines of code in there projects or Programming.
Frameworks Compare to JAVA, Python has lower number of Frameworks. Popular ones are Django, Flask. Java has large number of Frameworks. Popular ones are Spring, Hibernate, etc.
Syntax Syntax is easy to remember almost similar to human language. Syntax is complex as it throws error if you miss semicolon or curly braces.
Key Features Less line no of code, Rapid deployment and dynamic typing. Self memory management, Robust, Platform independent
Speed Python is slower since it uses interpreter and also determines the data type at run time. Java is faster in speed as compared to python.
Databases Python’s database access layers are weaker than Java’s JDBC. This is why it rarely used in enterprises. (JDBC)Java Database Connectivity is most popular and widely used to connect with database.
Machine Learning Libraries Tensorflow, Pytorch. Weka, Mallet, Deeplearning4j, MOA
Practical Agility Python has always had a presence in the agile space and has grown in popularity for many reasons, including the rise of the DevOps movement. Java enjoys more consistent refactoring support than Python thanks on one hand to its static type system which makes automated refactored more predictable and reliable, and on the other to the prevalence of IDEs in Java development.
Used to Develop Python is used for web development, AI, machine learning, operating systems, mobile application development, and video games. Java is used as the server-side language for most back-end development projects, including those involving big data and Android development. Java is also commonly used for desktop computing, other mobile computing, games, and numerical computing.

Career Opportunities in Python and Java

As per the latest survey, there are 20000+ job openings for python back-end developers in India. According to Glassdoor, the average salary for a Python developer is around INR 426000 per annum for fresher.  The StackOverflow’s developer survey of 2019 states that Python is the second most loved programming language in the world. Also, it is the most sought after programming language for Data Scientists, AI engineers, and Machine Learning engineers. Python developers earn around $115,000 per annum.

As per the survey in 2021, The global community of software developers is expected to increase by 28.7 million in 2024. And 63.1% of programmers announced that they are willing to continue to code in Java along with Python, HTML/CSS, SQL, and others. Also, large tech giants like Microsoft and Amazon are still using Java in their software development processes. There are huge opportunities for an individual to explore their career in Java J2EE. According to LinkedIn, there are about 25000+ java-based developer jobs are available in India. As per the report of Glassdoor, the average salary for java J2EE developers is around INR 505000 per annum.

Opinion:

We can conclude that both Java and Python languages have their own benefits. It really is up to you to opt for a particular language for your project. Where Python is simple and succinct, Java is quick and more portable. While Python codes are dynamically coded, Java is statically coded. Python’s future is very glaring from where we see and presume that its future is assertive. Python is far from perfect but if we say that python is a future and emerging language then we have to agree that Java is present, its APIs are widely used.

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